Interior design is one of the most important aspects of designing buildings and is carried out by both professional interior designers and architects in order to create interior spaces that are suited for the purpose as required by the clients. Interior design is both an aesthetic and functional exercise as its primary purpose is to balance the appearance of the space with the functionality it is meant to achieve at a reasonable cost. Interior design also has to manage the available space and transform it in such a way that it meets the expectations of its occupants. Interior design incorporates various functional building elements and design choices such as finishes and lighting, functional elements of the room such as furniture and decorative elements such as plants. The interior design of a space can be reflected in the overall building design with one influencing the other in multiple ways, depending on the wishes of the client and the ability of the designer. This article describes several popular interior designs used today.
Contemporary Interior Designs
Contemporary designs are generally considered modern and are characterised by minimal use of decorative elements due to its heavy influence in minimalism, and flexibility in the design choices. It differs from strictly modern interior designs which make use of lines, neutral colours, and natural materials whereas contemporary interior designs are usually a fusion of other interior design principles and are much more flexible on the elements used. Contemporary style home builders make use of various modern design principles and create pleasant spaces without restricting themselves to a single design or even principles of design.
Industrial Interior Design
Industrial interior design was present in older homes and are still used today in an attempt to recreate the design of older buildings. They are characterised by a mixture of design and utility and makes use of design choices such as exposed brick walls, pipes, and service lines in the absence of finishes used in other interior designs such as service ducts, plastering, and ceilings. It is common for industrial designs to use recycled materials in both their decorative and functional elements. It showcases a neutral colour palette and makes extensive use of natural light while highlighting architectural elements and recycled materials.
Minimalist Interior Design
Minimalism is one of the most popular trends of this century and is characterised by the extreme aversion to decorative elements and bare spaces which highlight their functionality without much décor. Minimalist spaces are characterised by plain and neutral colours, the use of furniture made of metals and wood in matching or contrasting colours, making heavy use of the “everything with a purpose” principle. Minimalist spaces excel in small areas as it can make them appear larger and minimise the clutter that more decorative approaches cause.
Traditional Interior Designs
Traditional designs combine the aesthetics of the previous century with the comforts of the present and achieve a blend between the two time periods. It is characterised by the use of dark wood and contrasting colours and utilise more decorative elements such as paintings and wall hangings.